Noun Declensions 1st declension.

Latin has a complex grammar system consisting of many noun cases, noun declensions, and verb conjugations.

The Chart below will show you the first declension -a/-ae suffix. From that stem we get 14 noun cases.

+------------------+-----------+--------+
| First declension | Singlular | Plural |
+------------------+-----------+--------+
| Nominative       | -a        | -ae    |
+------------------+-----------+--------+
| Genitive         | -ae       | -arum  |
+------------------+-----------+--------+
| Dative           | -a        | -is    |
+------------------+-----------+--------+
| Accusative       | -am       | -as    |
+------------------+-----------+--------+
| Ablative         | -a(d)     | -is    |
+------------------+-----------+--------+
| Locative         | -a        | -ae    |
+------------------+-----------+--------+
| Vocative         | -a        | -ae    |
+------------------+-----------+--------+

The final <d> in the ablative form was all but disappeared after Cicero died, but “-ad” is a valid case ending for 1st declension ablative nouns.

You can tell what a noun’s declension and cases will be just by looking at the dictionary term: For example, we have Word of the day VIII

Terra, Terrae /te.’ra/ (f) first declension.

This is the main example for today. When you look at the stem (Which is “terr-” and the suffix -a (genitive -ae), you get the first declension chart. Reapplying it will get you this paradigm:

+------------------+-----------+----------+
| First declension | Singlular | Plural   |
+------------------+-----------+----------+
| Nominative       | terra     | terrae   |
+------------------+-----------+----------+
| Genitive         | terrae    | terrarum |
+------------------+-----------+----------+
| Dative           | terra     | terris   |
+------------------+-----------+----------+
| Accusative       | terram    | terras   |
+------------------+-----------+----------+
| Ablative         | terra(d)  | terris   |
+------------------+-----------+----------+
| Locative         | terra     | terrae   |
+------------------+-----------+----------+
| Vocative         | terra     | terrae   |
+------------------+-----------+----------+

Terra meant the world to the Romans, as it is the Earth.

3 thoughts on “Noun Declensions 1st declension.

  1. We love the blog, but more importantly, we love Caesarion! You’re a king mate, remember to keep your chin up.

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